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Costa Rica Carbon Offset Wind Farm Project

Costa Rica Grouped Wind Project

This project will develop four wind farms which will provide power for Costa Rica’s electricity grid. Greenhouse gas emissions will be prevented by reducing reliance on fossil-fuel power plants.

Where & Why

Fossil fuels, such as oil, coal, and natural gas, are the world’s primary energy source. However, burning these fuels to generate electricity produces carbon emissions and comes at a cost to the planet. In addition to contributing to climate change, fossil fuel power generation can also lead to poor air quality and water pollution, which can be harmful to ecosystems and human health.

How & Who

This project reduces reliance on fossil fuels and prevents future greenhouse gas emissions by developing four wind farms in Costa Rica’s Guanacaste province. These new wind farms will generate 382,634 MWh of electricity per year which will be transmitted into the country’s national electricity grid. This clean, renewable wind power will supply electricity that would otherwise be generated by fossil-fuel power plants. 

This project will help to reduce approximately 927,100 metric tons of CO2 equivalent over the course of its 10 year lifespan. Training and employment opportunities will be provided during the construction, operation, and maintenance phases of the project. In addition, the local economy may benefit from the predicted rise in tourism to the area. 

Environmental Benefits

  • Mitigates climate change by producing clean energy

Community Benefits

  • Improves air quality
  • Creates local jobs
  • Provides economic benefits from increased tourism

Project Type

Energy

Location

Annual CO2 Reduction

92,710 metric tons CO2e

SDGs Supported

Verification Standards

Project Developer

Alisios Holdings S.A.

Project Documents

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Crow Lake Wind Farm

Offset Program/Registry: Verified Carbon Standard

Estimated Annual Emission Reductions: 430,000 metric tons CO2

The Crow Lake Wind project is a zero emissions, grid-connected electricity generation source located on 36,000 acres in South Dakota. The commercial operation date of this project is February 1, 2011 and the entire project consists of 108 General Electric 1.5-megawatt turbines with a generating capacity of 162 megawatts (MW).

The electricity generated is provided to Basin Electric Power Cooperative (BEPC), a not-for-profit, wholesale electric generation and transmission cooperative based in North Dakota. BEPC provides electricity to 2.8 million customers across 135 rural distribution companies in 9 states (MT, MN, IA, SD, ND, CO, NM, NB, WY).

The Crow Lake Wind Farm is the largest wind project owned solely by a cooperative in the United States. Seven of the turbines located at the Crow Lakes project site are owned by a group of 600 local community investors, called the South Dakota Wind Partners, and one turbine has been sold to the Mitchell Technical Institute in Mitchell, S.D.

Mitchell Technical Institute uses the turbine as part of the school’s wind turbine technology program. This unique relationship allows the school to sell the turbine’s output to BEPC while allowing access for generations of students and engineers to gain hands-on technical experience.

Rio Preto-Jacundà REDD+

This community-based project avoids forest loss in the Amazonian ‘Arc of Deforestation’ by promoting sustainable use of an extractive forest reserve. Local families will gain income via the production of non-timber forest products and the project offers social benefits in health and education.

Where & Why

Located in the “Amazonian ‘Arc of Deforestation,” the Rio Preto-Jacundá Extractive Reserve is a conservation area spanning approximately 235,000 acres (95,000 hectares). The area faces pressures from squatters, illegal logging and the informal expansion of smallholder farms and ranches. Apart from the detrimental effects on the environment, which is home to 273 flora species and 787 fauna species, these external pressures also impinge on the resource rights of the rubber tapper community that has historically called this area home.

How & Who

This project is an ongoing community-based REDD+ project. Faced with the challenge of protecting their trees and preserving their traditional livelihood which involves the sustainable extraction of forest products, the Rio Preto-Jacundà community developed a multi-use management plan for the sustainable use of the extractive reserve. This project supports this plan and aims to avoid the deforestation of at least 35,000 hectares over the duration of the project. The project promotes the sustainable production of non-timber products such as wild rubber and its by-products which include acai and brazil nuts. In addition, the project will increase surveillance of the area through satellite monitoring of deforestation and on-the-ground patrols.  

The project also provides benefits to 130 families, including the potential for increased income generation; the improvement of housing and sanitary conditions; and the establishment of schools that provide child and adult learning services. Through the training of community members as health care agents, this project is also expected to provide significant improvements in community health by building capacity to monitor and control the most common and lethal diseases. 

Environmental Benefits

  • Protects a forest area and the biodiversity within
  • Mitigates climate change by reducing deforestation

Community Benefits

  • Increases income generation
  • Improves housing and sanitary conditions
  • Establishes new schools 
  • Trains healthcare agents

Project Type

Forests

Location

Annual CO2 Reduction

397,380 metric tons CO2e

SDGs Supported

Verification Standards

Project Developer

Biofilica

Project Documents

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Vietnam Biogas Carbon Offset Project

Vietnam Biogas

By installing biogas digesters in households across Vietnam, this project provides rural families with a clean and affordable source of energy. Use of these digesters reduces reliance on traditional fuels which lessens greenhouse gas emissions, prevents deforestation, and improves community health.

Where & Why

Vietnam is home to millions of small family farmers, many of whom raise livestock such as pigs and cattle. The waste from these animals produces large amounts of methane emissions – a greenhouse gas that is even more potent than carbon dioxide. Since 1990, Vietnam’s methane emissions have nearly doubled. In addition to fueling climate change, the waste produced by these animals can lead to water pollution and poor sanitation when it is not properly managed. This poor waste management can cause health issues for many local families.

In order to create energy, many families in rural Vietnam burn wood or conventional fossil fuels indoors. This process emits harmful particles into the air which can lead to respiratory illness. Parts of Vietnam experience limited access to traditional cooking fuels and firewood, and are affected by the increasing price of commercial fuels. Despite recent development, 59% of Vietnam’s small family farms remain below the national poverty line. Fuel costs are just one more financial burden on these communities.

How & Who

This project installs biogas digesters in rural households, providing families with sustainable and affordable energy. Local people are trained to build and maintain the digesters which work by collecting human and animal waste in a brick reservoir. When this waste decomposes, it releases methane gas which is piped into homes and used for cooking and lighting. The remaining is converted into an organic compost that can be used to fertilize their crops.

As of 2017, the project has supplied 158,500 biogas digesters and over 2,600 local people have been trained as masons and technicians. The digesters provide a clean, renewable, and reliable source of energy for 790,000 rural individuals. By converting methane from animal waste into household fuel, the project lessens harmful greenhouse gas emissions and prevents indoor air pollution. Since the project reduces reliance on wood fuel it also helps to protect surrounding forests areas, while reducing income spent on fuel and time spent collecting firewood. The project also improves sanitation and reduces water pollution by removing animal manure from the surrounding area. 

Environmental Benefits

  • Minimizes deforestation by reducing wood fuel needs
  • Mitigates climate change by converting animal waste into household fuel
  • Decreases water pollution
  • Produces organic fertilizer

Community Benefits

  • Improves indoor air quality and sanitation 
  • Provides affordable energy to rural families
  • Trains local people and creates rural jobs
  • Decreases time spent by women collecting firewood

Project Type

Forests

Energy

Location

Annual CO2 Reduction

500,000 metric tons CO2e

SDGs Supported

Verification Standard

Project Developers

SNV Netherlands Development Organisation
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)

Project Documents

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